How far can you shoot with a 30 06 in 2023? (2023)

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The .30 06 is a respected caliber rifle with a long and colorful history dating back to the early 20th century. Although this round of ammunition has a rich history and some hunters prefer a .270, the .30 06 remains a popular hunting rifle caliber to this day. Why is this and how accurately can a 30 06 shoot?

A modern .30 06 can reach a maximum range of 3,500 yards or 3,200 meters with a bullet weight between 150 and 180 grains. The maximum effective range of the same hunting ammunition is 500 yards or 460 meters. The 30 06 is known for its stopping power, making it suitable for big game hunting.

The range of the 30 06 has been a point of contention since the false claims made by early 30 06 cartridge manufacturers as to the range it could fire. Cartridge spacing has military and hunting applications, so the range of the 30 06 is a common issue.

How far can you shoot with a 30 06 in 2023? (1)
  1. How far can you shoot with a 30 06 cartridge?
    • What distance will manufacturers claim from 30.06?
    • What is the range of a 30 06 on a submachine gun?
    • What is the range of a .30 06 on a rifle?
  2. Conclusion
(Video) 30-06 at 3023yards

How far can you shoot with a 30 06 cartridge?

The Patrone 30 06 has a long and troubled history, being used extensively in World War I as the cartridge of choice for most nations fighting Germany.

The .30 06 was developed as the first US military cartridge to use smokeless powder. The intention was to compete with the feared German Mauser 7x57mm cartridge, famous for its accuracy..

The name of the cartridge is a combination of the caliber of the bullet and the year it first entered service. The thirtieth part of the name refers to the diameter of the cartridge, which is 0.308 inches or 7.62 mm. The 06 part of the name 30 06 comes from the 1906 production year.

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The distance a 30 06 can fire is determined by the type of weapon the cartridge is used in and the grain of the bullet used in the cartridge, which we will explore as part of our discussion.

What distance will manufacturers claim from 30.06?

The original Springfield 30 06 cartridge was said to have a range of 4,700 yards or 4,300 meters, but this was inaccurate. Springfield exaggerated the range, which was evident when the cartridge was used by soldiers during World War I.

Tests on the cartridge were conducted on a Springfield M1903 rifle modified to accept the 0.30 06 cartridge. The original test was performed at 1800 yards or 1650 meters and results for greater distances were extrapolated from this test.

The maximum range of the 0.30 06 was exaggerated by 40%, making some people suspicious of the cartridge..

So what was the actual range of this cartridge? Does it still make sense today?

How far can you shoot with a 30 06 in 2023? (2)

What is the range of a 30 06 on a submachine gun?

When the US entered World War I, they did not have their own machine guns, so the US military used European machine guns, mainly from Great Britain and France.

(Video) My wife first time 30-06 rifle shooting 20 mm target @rakhitakulivlogsuttarakhan2269

When the US made its own machine guns chambered for the 30 06 or M1906 cartridge, they had nearly half the effective range of European weapons.

When used in American machine guns, the maximum range of the .30 06 with a 150-grain bullet was 3,400 yards or 3,110 meters..

This was effectively half the maximum range of German machine guns, putting American troops at a serious disadvantage. This led the military to develop the .30 M1, which used a heavier 174-grain bullet and an improved propellant, increasing the range to around 5,500 yards or 5,000 meters.

After the war, the military version was reworked to the original M1906 cartridge with a new 152-grain bullet design and improved propellant that reached a maximum range of 3,450 yards or 3,150 meters. This was called the 30 M2 and became the staple cartridge for American troops in WWII.

The 30 06 fell out of favor for the military in the 1950s in favor of the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge.

What is the range of a .30 06 on a rifle?

The military M1 Garand used the 30 06 Springfield cartridge. This semi-automatic rifle was extremely successful during the war. Since wartime, the .30 06 has been modified to accept anything from a 110 grain bullet to a 220 grain bullet, each with different purposes and maximum ranges.

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The .30 06 is considered a great all-around round of ammo, but many people see this as its downfall. The argument is that they are usually good, but they don't do anything exceptionally well.

However, this is belied by the enduring popularity of this caliber in the hunting community. The maximum range of a .30 06 on a hunting rifle is similar to military cartridges.

The maximum range of the 30 06 on a rifle is around 3,500 yards or 3,200 meters. A bullet weighing from 150 to 180 grains is used..

The maximum effective range of a cartridge is slightly different from the maximum range. For hunting purposes, no ethical hunter will fire close to the maximum range of the cartridge.

IT ISmaximum effective range30 06 is about 500 yards or 460 meters long with a bullet weight of 150 to 180 grains.

While this is the maximum effective range for the ammunition, most hunting shots are fired from closer ranges within the shooter's comfortable firing range. Therefore, the effective range also depends on the skill and confidence of the individual shooter.

(Video) Is the 30-06 still relevant in 2023?

The 30 06 cartridge remains a popular caliber of ammunition due to the range of bullet weights available for the cartridge and the good stopping power of higher grain bullets. This makes the 30 06 a versatile cartridge for a variety of uses, ensuring its popularity for years to come.


While the .30 06 may not be popular with some people, many hunters still find this cartridge to be a superior option. The wide range of rifles chambered for this caliber and the availability of ammunition make it a consistently popular choice in the hunting community.

The cartridge's versatility from small game to big game contributes to the continued support this cartridge receives from gun owners and hunters alike.


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